A very warm hello from the Barakat team this afternoon! Below you will find short summaries of major news stories across Pakistan, and links to news sites that provide more details and facts to the events that took place.
- Disaster risk education to become focus in Pakistani schools
Areas that are flood-prone in Pakistan are proving to be vulnerable to extreme weather, a result of climate change. As per the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), “about 10,000 educational institutions were damaged or destroyed in mega-floods that affected a fourth of the country in 2010, Since then another 10,000 schools have been damaged in subsequent floods through 2015, the authority said.” The question to be asked is, in a country that already struggles to provide adequate education to its people, how do they protect the existing places of learning by reducing risk schools and creating better infrastructure? Naturally, suggestions have been made to improve infrastructure by setting new construction standards, but there are also suggestions to create disaster management plans, holding evacuation drills, and just generally raising awareness for the risks that come with extreme weather. To learn more about disaster risk education in Pakistan schools read here.
- India to expel Pakistani Mehmood Akhtar for “espionage”
The conflict between India and Pakistan has always been an ongoing, fluctuating one. Most recent in their conflict, India is set to expel a Pakistan High Commission official, Mehmood Akhtar, for engaging in “espionage activities.” Akhtar was detained on Wednesday October 26th, and has been given 48 hours to leave the country after a brief detention. For more information please read this article.
- Quetta Police Academy
On Monday the 24th of October, 2016, a police academy in Quetta, the capital of Balochistan, was under attack and the attack resulted in at least 60 fatalities. The Islamic State has already claimed responsibility, but local authorities and military officials believe that Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, a Pakistan-based group that has been associated with Al-Qaeda was responsible for the attack. The Sunni militant organization has been linked to deadly attacks against the country’s Shia Muslim minority. Similar devastating attacks have taken place at this police academy in 2006 and 2008. The question now remains is what makes Balochistan, the largest Pakistani province, an easy target? Despite Balochistan’s abundance of natural resources, it continues to be the poorest Pakistani province. Additionally, the province lacks security, and has become a place of refuge for militants that are traveling to and from Afghanistan in between military operations. An article in Al Jazeera also states that in addition to security, there is “no proper law and order in place.” The borders of Balochistan reach Afghanistan and Iran, and are largely unmanaged and not monitored making the area a safe haven for militants that travel through and from these places. Another issue that makes it hard to run functional and effective security, is that Balochistan is sparsely populated and largely remote, and the history of sectarian violence has created separatist groups. That being said, both members of these groups and terrorist organizations have “greater freedom of action in this area as it is a big province and very underdeveloped. [Because] the province is also pretty remote, which makes it easier for terrorists to come and hide there.”